Risk Factors for CAD and benefits of controlling risk factors
Risk starts declining immediately
Risk down to average levels in 5 yrs
10% reduction in cholesterol will reduce risk by 20-30%
22% reduction in risk with 7% increase in HDL.
Regular moderate exercise (30 to 45 min.)
Walking, Cycling, Swimming etc.
Reduce risk by 30-45%
Control of Hypertension:
2-3% less risk for each 1 MM HG reduction of diastolic BP
Weight Reduction :
30-55% less risk of Heart Disease with
Control of Diabetes:
Benefits proved but date not available
16 % Risk Reduction with fight diabetes
Benefits of Drugs:
Essential for effective control of lipids, diabetes, and hypertension
Prevents clot formation / atheroma
30-40% reduction in risk of stroke / death/ heart attack.
Benefits proved but data not available